The motivation of health is formed on the basis of two important principles – the age principle, according to which the education of the motivation of health must begin with early childhood, according to which the health motive should be created through health improving activity in relation to oneself.
Form new qualities through exercises. The experience of recreational activities and exercises in it create the appropriate motivation (purposeful need) and the installation (readiness for action) of health in the same way as “appetite comes with eating.” Based on this conscious motivation, one’s own style of healthy behavior is formed. The style of a healthy life is determined by different motives. Let’s name the main of them:
- Motivation for self-preservation: a person does not commit an action, knowing that it threatens his health and life. For example, a person will not jump from a bridge to a river if he does not know how to swim, because he knows he will drown;
- Motivation for self-improvement: expressed in the awareness that, being healthy, you can climb to a higher step of the social ladder. This motivation is very important for graduates of secondary and higher education institutions, when it is necessary to be competitive in order to achieve a high level of public recognition. A healthy graduate has more chances of success;
- Motivation of maneuvering: it boils down to the fact that a healthy person can, at his discretion, change his role and his location in the community. A healthy person can change professions, move from one climatic zone to another, he feels free, regardless of external conditions;
During life, a person experiences different motivations. In adolescence the motives of sexual realization, self-improvement, maneuvering are leading. If a young man or a girl smokes, then such a motive as a threat to health in the future is not suitable for them, for the future for them is tomorrow, next Sunday, the end of the semester, and pleasure is now and here. It is not suitable for them, and the reference to cultural requirements, because this motive is insignificant for them. Moreover, violating it, young people feel pleasure, believing that in this way they assert themselves. At this age, the motivation for sexual realization has already been formed and can play a positive role in the prevention of alcohol, drug and tobacco abuse, if it is able to prove its deleterious effect on the sexual potency of young men and the childbearing function of girls.